Start by assessing what important wildlife habitats you already have on the farm. Maintaining, or where necessary, restoring existing habitats such as woodland, ponds and ditches, flower-rich grassland or field margins is critical to the survival of much of the wildlife on your farm. Looking after what your farm already offers to wildlife can deliver real benefits without the need to create new habitats.
On grassland, give priority to areas that have not been heavily improved, for example through re-seeding or nutrient inputs. Under the right management, such grassland can benefit wildlife, provide carbon storage and protect water.
Flower-rich grassland or wet grassland are a very high priority and can also often be supported by agri-environment funding – seek advice from an environmental adviser.
On arable land, consider where you can use unproductive land to create new habitats that complement what you already have.
Are there awkward corners and difficult boundaries to cultivate on your farm? Take them out of production to work for wildlife. This could:
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© NFU 2018